Dangerous Goods CAT 6 and Infectious Substance training
Professional is the preferred provider of Dangerous Goods CAT 6 and Infectious Substances training to a number of air carriers, ground handlers, freight forwarders and other role players in the air cargo industry.
As an IATA Accredited Training School our IATA recognised qualifications are accepted worldwide.
Our new home in Centurion
Professional had operated for many years from our Head Office at Lanseria International Airport and from offices in Wingfield Park in Boksburg.
We have now consolidated and combined these operations at a new Head Office complex in Centurion to be able to better serve our clients.
Visit our new Training Centre
We have created a new Training Centre in the Isando Business Park. This training centre will continue to serve our many clients on the East Rand. This centre opened on the 1st October 2021, please feel free to stop by for a visit should you be in the area.
Professional at the SAAFF Congress
Professional was represented at the recent SAAFF Virtual Congress, it was a great pleasure to meet old friends and make new ones at this excellent event. SAAFF did a sterling job in presenting a very high-quality virtual event, definitely the way of the future.
Drones, UAV’s, UAS, RPAS – whatever terminology that you may use, unmanned aerial vehicles are becoming more and more popular, not just for use by hobbyists who like to fly them on weekends, but for commercial purposes.
Using Drones for Commercial Use
Commercial use of drones ranges from aerial photography and filming, to being used in anti-poaching operations, aerial surveys, crop spraying, wildlife and other forms of monitoring, parcel delivery, delivering of medical supplies to remote areas, evaluation of fire scenes and incidents and surveillance.
Major retailers such as Amazon, are experimenting with drone technology for the fulfilment of orders in their larger warehouses, as well as looking at the viability of utilising drones to do deliveries. Large industrial plants are investigating the use of drones for spare parts logistics. Drones have been used to deliver blood and other essential medical supplies in hard-to-reach rural areas in countries like Rwanda.
Delivery options such as these, if they become a viable option for urban areas can increase the speed of deliveries, as well as saving resources and streamlining processes.
There are infinite applications, which are limited only by the technology that is currently available.
Negative uses of Drone Technology
Drone technology has many benefits when used in a positive manner. But like most technologies, there is a dark side to it as well. The most common “negative” use of drone technology that is prevalent, is the use of weaponised drones in warfare, as well as drones that have been used for espionage.
Criminals are also embracing drone technology. There have been reports of drones being used to smuggle items into prisons for the prisoners. In the UK, criminals have attached thermal imaging cameras onto drones in order to pick up the heat signatures of their rival’s marijuana farms, in order that they can steal from them. There are also what are known as “Narcotics drones”. These are drones that are used by drug dealers to smuggle drugs over the U.S./Mexican borders.
Closer to home, there is the potential for criminals to utilise drones to identify potential targets for robberies, both of commercial and private properties.
The word “Drone” has a negative connotation due to the use of weaponised drones that have been used in warfare by various countries, so the preferred name is the term RPAS – Remote Piloted Aircraft Systems. This definition encompasses the wide range of RPA systems that are available, from miniature units that can fit into the palm of your hand to larger fixed wing units with wingspans of more than 1m.
Risks involving RPAS
But with every technology, there is some element of risk that is involved. The military potential for destruction and the criminal element have already been highlighted, but the risks involving RPAS to the civilian user is just as high.
Injury to the Public
RPA’s can be very dangerous if not operated safely. Multi-rotor RPAS units have very sharp carbon fibre blades that can cause injury if they come into contact with a person. There has been a case in England where a toddler has lost an eye due to being injured by the blade of a RPA that was being flown in the backyard of the house.
Most RPA’s are powered by a rechargeable Lithium Polymer battery. As the recent Samsung Galaxy Note 7 incidents have illustrated, Lithium batteries can be very dangerous, if they are not manufactured or handled correctly. The Lithium Polymer batteries that are generally used in RPA’s are large and very powerful. If these batteries are not managed properly, they can be damaged and the damage to the battery can cause it to explode or ignite.
Besides the safety issues surrounding the RPA itself, other risks from the negligent operation of an RPA are the following:
Collision with other aircraft, with possible fatal results
There are frequent reports from around the world of pilots reporting RPA’s flying near their aircraft when coming into land. Besides the blatant disregard of the laws stating that RPA units should not fly within 10 km of an aerodrome, this is very dangerous. If the RPA had to strike the aircraft at a critical point while landing, and get caught up in an engine or wing flap, there could be disastrous consequences for the aircraft.
Other risks include damaging people’s property and legal liability for breaking laws such as privacy by-laws and other laws enforceable by other authorities.
Minimising the Risk
So, how can this be prevented? Firstly, by implementing specific legislation with regards to RPAS, and secondly by educating the public as to the risks and the rules regarding the use of RPAS.
South Africa is one of the first countries in the world that has introduced legislation with regards to the operation of Remote Piloted Aviation Systems (RPAS). With the rapid growth in the RPAS industry and the increased use of RPAS for commercial applications, legislation is necessary to ensure the safety and security of everyone who shares civil aviation airspace.
Part 101: Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems – the regulations that govern the operation of RPAS in South Africa became applicable in July 2015. These regulations cover the use of RPAS for commercial operations, corporate operations, non-profit operations and private operations.
With regards to operating RPAS in South Africa, if a person operates a RPAS unit for their own use, it may only be used for an individual’s personal and private purposes where there is no commercial outcome, interest or gain. The pilot must observe all statutory requirements relating to liability, privacy and any other laws enforceable by any other authorities. It is also a requirement that those that sell RPAS, display notices and inform buyers of the basic regulations as it applies to private and other uses of the systems that they sale
Commercial operations; corporate operations or non-profit operations
If an entity or a person is operating a RPAS for commercial operations; corporate operations or non-profit operations, the RPA must be registered and may only be operated in terms of Part 101 of the South African Civil Aviation Regulations.
Aviation Security Awareness Training for RPAS
Often the reason that individuals make mistakes or inadvertently break the rules, is that they are not aware of what the risks are or the potential threats. Therefore, one of the mandatory requirements is that all personnel employed in the deployment, handling, and storage of RPAS need to undergo Aviation Security Awareness Training, as detailed in Part 109 of the Civil Aviation Regulations.
Professional Aviation Services has been involved in the Aviation industry in one form or another for the last 35 years. We specialise in offering risk services in terms of compliance; aviation security consulting; training and aircraft sales.
We are passionate about educating and equipping people, and we are an approved Aviation Security Training Organisation. We offer the only SACAA approved Aviation Security Awareness training course designed specifically for RPAS operations. If you would like to find out more or book a training session, please contact us. Training is available at all our facilities. To find out more, please visit our training site, www.professionaltraining.co.za.
In terms of mitigating risk and increasing security, education is key. The correct application of the regulations, the ongoing education of the public and the safe operation of RPAS, will go a long way in keeping the skies and people safe. This will create an environment where the use of RPAS technology to solve problems can become a reality.
An update on our new training centre and training courses
Excitement about our new home
In December 2015, we moved into our new home in Unit F, Wingfield Park, in Jet Park. Last week, construction started on our new training centre and offices. This is a very exciting time for all of us!
Our new training centre
At the end of this process, we will have 3 dedicated training rooms, a conference room and a dining /relaxation area for our students. For our staff, we will have dedicated offices for our consultants and managers, as well as a meeting room and a relaxation area.
This means that we will be able to accommodate 16 students per room, and we can utilise the conference room as another training venue, so we would be able to train 64 students, in 4 venues at one time.
This greatly increases our capacity to continue to provide quality training courses for all of our clients.
This project will be done within the next two weeks, and then it will be full steam ahead.
Training courses that we offer
We offer the following courses:
Part 109 – Aviation Security Awareness Training.
Part 109 – RPAS– Aviation Security Awareness Training
Part 108 – Air Cargo Security Familiarisation Training, Standard Air Cargo Security Training – Level 1 & Level 2
Part 92– Dangerous Goods Awareness Training for Categories – 4,5,7,8,9,10, 11 & 12.
Human Factors – for Staff and for Managers
Guidelines for Handling Lithium Batteries
For further details on training that we offer and to book a course with us, please visit our Training website.
Are you passionate about training? Are you in the Aviation Industry? Are you based in South Africa?
We are looking for experienced Instructors/Trainers in the Aviation, Aviation Security or Dangerous Goods by Air Industry in South Africa, to join our training department on a contract basis.
The job requirements for the position are as follows:
Aviation or Aviation Security or Dangerous Goods by Air experience gained either in Aviation, Aviation Security, Freight Forwarding, Ground Handling industries, with a minimum of 24 months experience.
Experience as an Instructor, teacher, supervisor or similar, any position where the person has been exposed to providing training;
Valid Assessor and Facilitator or Train the Trainer qualification;
Dangerous Goods CAT 6 (this can be provided to the right candidate);
Standard Air Cargo Security Level 2 and AVSEC Manager Level 3; (can also be provided);
Matric or similar NQF Level 4 or above qualification
Candidate must be fluent in English.
Clear criminal record;
South African citizen
If you meet the above requirements, and are looking to join a small yet dynamic team of people that are passionate about what they do, then please send us a full Curriculum Vitae, and your contact details so that we can get in touch with you. Contact us here
The revisions to the Part 108, Part 109 and Part 110 Regulations and Technical Standards that have been in the works since 2012 passed the final benchmark on the 12th June 2015.
The Regulations will now go to the Minister for signature before becoming law and the Technical Standards will go to the Director of Civil Aviation for signature.
Here are some of the things that you need to know:
1. High Risk Cargo and the security measures relating to High Risk Cargo are clearly set out;
2. All Regulated Agents and Known Consignors to apply cyber security measures
3. Procedures for Transfer and Transit cargo set out;
4. Changes to Exempted Cargo, in particular that human remains are no longer exempt;
5. Regulated Agents no longer have to screen 10% of cargo from Known Consignors;
6. Known Consignors no longer function on the basis of a relationship with a Regulated Agent only, each Known Consignor now requires a Security Manual and is free to deal with any Regulated Agent;
7. Training for the personnel of Regulated Agents and Screeners is no longer under Part 108 all security training is now under Part 109;
8. Air Cargo Security Familiarisation Training as we knew it under Part 108 has been replaced by Aviation Security Awareness Training under Part 109 and the scope of people requiring training has been dramatically increased;
9. Screeners now require 10 days training plus 1 day X-Ray machine familiarisation training plus 10 days On The Job Training per screening method that they will use;
10. Screener Supervisors must be qualified Screeners before undergoing an additional 5 days of Supervisor training;
11. Security Managers, Designated Officials and Deputy Designated Officials require 5 days training.
These are some highlights, we are available if you need further details on any of the above and on the possible implications for your business.
The changes to Part 108 and security measures have long since been introduced into most security programs these should not cause any problems at all and should be welcomed as they are very good for cargo security.
Probably the most contentious issue from these Regulations will no doubt be the length of training for Screeners and Supervisors of Screeners. In the cargo world training required goes up dramatically.
We fully support these changes, remember that Screeners ensure your safety and the safety of all who fly, do you really want a poorly trained individual who has been given the minimum possible training screening the cargo under your seat?
We need to have world class training and certification, period. No debate, no if or buts, no excuses or debates about time and expense, this is a security issue not an economic debate.
Even the much vaunted TSA has challenges, they recently failed 97% of routine security tests.
EUROPEAN UNION CARGO SECURITY REQUIREMENTS EFFECTIVE 1 JULY 2014.
SouthAfrica was placed on the EU “Green List” effective 1st July 2014.
In our view, this change REDUCES the level of cargo SECURITY.
It is our STRONG ADVICEthat those Regulated Agents who are REGISTERED under the EU Regulations and hold EURA3 APPROVAL, continue to APPLY the practices applicable to the EU Regulations for two MAIN REASONS, firstly, INCREASEDSECURITY and secondly, if there were an incident, and an EU accredited agent had not COMPLIED with the EU Regulations (having made a DECLARATION to do so) this could be considered a serious BREACH OF LIABILITY INSURANCErequirements.
Certain of our clients have elected to become EU REGISTERED, despite the fact that we are on the Green List, which we ENCOURAGE.
COMPREHENSIVE BACKGROUND CHECK AND CV VERIFICATION SERVICE (INCLUDING CREDIT CHECKS)
This service includes what is required under Part 110 but also provides the FULL RANGEof employee background checks including:
· DRIVERS LICENCE
· PUBLIC DRIVING PERMIT
· MATRIC CERTIFICATE AND OTHER ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS
· CRIMINAL RECORD CHECK
· ID VERIFICATION
· CITIZENSHIP AND PERMEANT RESIDENCE VERIFICATION
· PRIVATE SECURITY INDUSTRY REGULATORY AUTHORITY (PSIRA)
These services are available to be IMPLEMENTED at YOUR PREMISES, please contact us for full details
PART 109 AND 110
We report, once again, with DEEP REGRET, and fear of the security breach that this presents, that the SACAA have still NOT YET COMPLETEDthe amendments to PART 108, 109 AND 110. This has been raised at the Civil Aviation Regulations Committee (CARCom), on which committee we are represented through the Commercial Aviation Association of Southern Africa (CAASA), but despite pressure having been brought at CARCOM, by our representative, we still sit in LIMBO as far as these regulations are concerned.
There is a STRONG INDICATIONthat the Regulations may be READY for presentation at the 26TH JANUARY 2015CARCom meeting.
We have mentioned on numerous occasions, in our bulletins and elsewhere, that the REQUIREMENTS UNDER PART 108for cargo screeners are COMPLETELY INADEQUATE.
We cannot be more adamant when we say it is VITALthat although the requirements for certification of cargo screeners, and training, under Part 110, are NOT CURRENTLY APPLICABLEyou NEVERTHELESSAPPLY these requirements STRICTLY.
FREE CHECK OF YOUR SECURITY MANUALS
We repeat point 4 of Bulletin 33.
If your SECURITY MANUALwas not prepared by ourselves or under our supervision, we would be more than happy to provide you with a FREE CHECKand WRITTEN REPORTon your security manual. The fact that your manual may have been approved by the SACAA does not absolve you from ensuring that the manual is accurate, all inclusive and practical. Here again there may be INSURANCE LIABILITYimplications if your MANUAL is INCOMPLETE.
FACILITATED eLEARNING TRAINING
Here again, we must state with GREAT DISAPPOINTMENT that there has been NO DISCERNIBLE PROGRESS by the SACAA to bring the eLearning system into operation. The changes to incorporate the eLearning requirements are to be contained in the Part 109 amendments (see 4 above).
We would like to COMPLIMENT the DIRECTOR FOR CIVIL AVIATION, MS POPPY KHOZA, for her INITIATIVE in initiating a survey of SACAA SERVICE PERFORMANCE. This survey was conducted by a team from the UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA and consisted not only of a questionnaire, which was e-mailed to various bodies, but also meetings with industry in Gauteng and Cape Town. WE ATTENDED the GAUTENG MEETING, together with REPRESENTATIVES of a number of AVIATION ORGANISATIONS, and were assured that comments, suggestions and criticism would be CONFIDENTIAL and would be CONTAINED IN A REPORT which will be released to participants. The meeting we attended lasted some hours and there was an open detailed and SIGNIFICANT DISCUSSION, particularly focused on those WEAKNESSES that had been experienced with regard to service from the SACAA.
We will keep you advised and will distribute the report with the authority of the SACAA.
We repeat what was contained in Bulletin 33.
There have been NUMEROUS INCIDENTS of SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION of lithium-ion batteries around the world and there are strong rumours that perhaps large quantities of lithium-ion batteries were TRANSPORTED ON MH370. Please find attached two articles that appeared in FTW written by SEAN REYNOLDS who is OUR AUTHORITY on LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES. We are running a number of half day LITHIUM-ION BATTERY COURSES over the next couple of months. Please contact us for further information.
We are very pleased to say that these COURSES are now available ONLINE which means that your personnel can complete this course while continuing with their operational duties.
AVAILABILITY OF THE CARGO SCREENING TEAM INCLUDING EMERGENCY CANINE SCREENING
We are AVAILABLE 24/7 through our control room telephone number 0860 PART 108 or 011 701-3320, further alternatively, through our General Manager Compliance, David Alexander at firstname.lastname@example.org or cell 082 308 0169.
We areAVAILABLE 24/7 throughout the HOLIDAY PERIOD.
THANKS AND GREETINGS
WE TAKE THIS OPPORTUNITY OF THANKING OUR CLIENTS FOR THEIR SUPPORT AND TO WISH ALL OF YOU GOD’S BLESSINGS FOR THE FESTIVE SEASON AND THE NEW YEAR.
This bulletin takes the form of short highlights, PLEASE CONTACT us by e-mail if you require any FURTHERINFORMATION or EXPANSION of the information given.
1 FAMILIARISATION TRAINING – GOOD NEWS !!
We have just completed an ELECTRONIC TRAINING COURSE which is now available. This means YOUR STAFF will be able to complete their FAMILIARISATION TRAINING ONLINE. We are also in the process of DEVELOPING ONLINETRAINING covering DANGEROUS GOODS and OTHER COURSES which will be available from mid JANUARY 2013. LOANER LAPTOPS, in a limited quantity, are also AVAILABLE.
Part 92, 108, 109, 110 and 111 Regulations came into full EFFECT from 1ST AUGUST 2012. Please note that the SACAAPROPOSED, which proposal was accepted by an industry / SACAA sub committee, that PART 110 AND 109 TECHNICALSTANDARDS SHOULD BE KEPT RESTRICTED.
Bob Garbett, who serves on the sub committee, and on CARcom, was ADAMANTLYAGAINST this proposal for all the OBVIOUS REASONS, however, certain members of industry and the SACAA SUPPORTED THE PROPOSAL. The proposal was then submitted to CARcom (the Civil Aviation Regulations Committee) at which it was PROPOSED that Part 108 TECHNICAL STANDARDS should also be RESTRICTED. This too was carried against OBJECTIONS from the COMMERCIALAVIATION ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHERN AFRICA (on which body Bob Garbett is an honorary Director for Life). CAASA has NOT DROPPED THIS MATTER and APPEALED the decision by CARcom. Frankly, this is a RIDICULOUS SITUATION, which option we have voiced STRONGLY at CARcom, through CAASA, as any amendments, for example to these Technical Standards would also have to be applied for creating an unnecessary burden of administration for all.
In the meantime, if you do not have COPIES OF THESE TECHNICAL STANDARDS (and most Regulated Agents and airlines, ironically, all already have copies) you need to make APPLICATION to the CAA. We suggest (if you REQUIRE the TECHNICAL STANDARDS) that you address a LETTER to the SACAA requesting copies of the Part 110, 109 and 108 Technical Standards and SEND the letter to OURSELVES. WE will then APPROACH THE SACAA with batches of letters and ensure that authority for your holding a copy of the Technical Standards is obtained as soon as possible. The letter should STATE WHETHER or not you ALREADY HOLD a current set of these Technical Standards.
It was DIRECTED by CARcom at the 28th November meeting, as a result of the CAASA appeal, that this decision must be REVIEWED at the next sub committee meeting to be held in JANUARY.
3 Part 109 and Part 110
The SACAA have as yet still not completed the proposed AMENDMENTS to these Regulations which will incorporate all TRAINING including training required under Part 108 (currently regulated under Part 141) into Part 109. We hope this will be CONCLUDED by theSECOND QUARTER of NEXT YEAR. We are also advised that Aviation Information Circular AIC 18-49, which eliminates certain requirements for cargo screeners under Part 110, will be withdrawn. In the meantime, it is of MAJOR IMPORTANCE that cargo screeners COMPLY with the PROVISIONS of Part 110 which are LISTED BELOW (previously listed in Bulletin 24, April 2011, and Bulletin 19, May 2010).
a) SECURITY GRADING in terms of the Security Act no. 56 2001.
b) The security graded screener must be EMPLOYED BY A SECURITY SERVICE PROVIDER.
c) The screener must have at least DANGEROUS GOODS CAT 12.
d) The screener must have STANDARD AIR CARGO SECURITY TRAINING LEVEL 1.
e) Category 1: SECURITY SCREENER TRAINING
f) The screener must have completed AWARENESS TRAINING in terms of Part 109 (if he works at an airport) and or, if he works at an off airport Regulated Agent, FAMILIARISATION TRAINING in terms of Part 108.
g) The screener must have a CLASS II MEDICAL CERTIFICATE.
i) COMPREHENSIVE BACKGROUND CHECK as set out in Part 110.
4 Designated officials, deputies and their employer to be registered with PSIRA.
Please find attached a LETTER from PSIRA dated 13th September 2012 addressed to the SACAA which was CIRCULATED by the SACAA recently. It is of SIGNIFICANT IMPORTANCE that you note that DESIGNATED OFFICIALS, their DEPUTIES and their EMPLOYERS (if you are employing persons in these positions) must be REGISTERED WITH PSIRA.
In our view, it MAKES SENSE from every point of view that INSTEAD OF EMPLOYING your own Designated Official and Deputy, these are PROVIDED BY A SERVICE PROVIDER.
5 Please refer to point 5 of Bulletin no. 29 of 20th June 2012 under “MEETING WITH DIRECTOR AND SENIOR STAFF OF AVSEC”. REPORT BACK
5.1 AIC 18-49, as mentioned above, will be WITHDRAWN.
5.2 Part 108, Part 109 Awareness Training has NOT IMPROVED.
5.3 GRADING OF DESIGNATED OFFICIALS, this has now been FINALISED, see above.
5.4 We stress that HAND SEARCH should be AVOIDED in all circumstances due to LIABILITY IMPLICATIONS.
5.5 The Part 110 and 109 AMENDMENTS have still NOT been COMPLETED.
5.6 KNOWN CONSIGNORS is still at an unacceptably LOW LEVEL.
5.7 MATURING has now been REMOVED as a security control.
Professional is pleased to announce our aviation security and dangerous goods training program for November and December 2012:
1. Standard Air Cargo Security Training Level 1
This 5 day course for air cargo security screeners will be offered from5th to 9th November 2012 and 3rd to 7th December 2012 at our training centre at Transit Park, 27 Pomona Road, Pomona. The starting time for the course will be 07h30 for 08h00 daily. All course material, refreshments and lunches included.
Please note that bookings close on Wednesday the 31 October for the November course and on Wednesday 28th November for the December course, submit your booking forms now to avoid disappointment.
2. Standard Air Cargo Security Level 2
The 5 day course for Supervisors and Managers will be offered from 19th to 23rd November 2012 and 10th to 14th December 2012 at our training centre at Transit Park, 27 Pomona Road, Pomona. The starting time for the course will be 07h30 for 08h00 daily. All course material, refreshments and lunches included.
Please note that bookings close on Wednesday the 14 November and on Wednesday 5th December for the December course, submit your booking forms now to avoid disappointment.
3. Air Cargo Security Familiarisation Training
This is the basic foundation air cargo security course and it is mandatory for all persons who are employed in the air cargo warehouse, all who deal with air cargo or air cargo documentation and for any person who enjoys unescorted access to the air cargo warehouse.
This full day course will be offered every week day in November 2012 and every week day to 14th December 2012 at our training centre at Transit Park, 27 Pomona Road, Pomona. The starting time for the course will be 07h30 for 08h00 daily. All course material, refreshments and lunches included.
Please note that bookings close 5 working days prior to each course so submit your booking forms now to avoid disappointment.
4. Dangerous Goods (CAT 4)
We will offer the full day Dangerous Goods awareness course in Category 4 on 12, 13, 14, 15 and 16 November 2012at our training centre at Transit Park, 27 Pomona Road, Pomona. The starting time for the course will be 07h30 for 08h00 daily. All course material, refreshments and lunches included.
Please note that bookings close 5 working days prior to each course so submit your booking forms now to avoid disappointment.
In House Course
To assist with your operations and planning, Professional offers all courses on an in-house training basis subject to minimum class sizes and/or rates. A surcharge may apply for weekend training.
The security of your cargo is off critical importance, not only to minimize loss and shrinkage but to ensure that the very best preventative measures are in place to prevent the introduction of illegal, dangerous and prohibited items into your cargo.
A Pallet Sock that covers the cargo and seals the pallet sock to the pallet to prevent the introduction of contraband or illegal items and prevents theft and stock losses;
An WIST RFID tracker that enables real time tracking of your consignment, alerts you to tampering with your cargo and puts you in control of the security of your consignment at all times;
A high security steel mesh lined Pallet Sock is available that makes the Pallet Sock cut and slash resistant ideal for high value cargo such as cell phones, laptops, cosmetics;
Would you like your cell phones packed like this use ProSecure!!!
The Pallet Sock is accepted by the South African Civil Aviation Authority as Tamper Evident packaging under the Part 108 regulations relating to air cargo security.
The impact of this on your security packaging cost can be significant for consolidations and consignments with a common destination only ONE Pallet Sock, Known Cargo label and seal would be required instead of a label and seal for each box on a pallet.
Professional Risk and asset Management are air cargo security specialists with a focus on all aspects of the security of your cargo and systems, compliance with Part 108 of the South African Civil Aviation Regulations.